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All :: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z, Ö 
All :: Kalra, ... , Kiwan, Kluge, Knorth, ... , Kwan 
Kalra, Virinder S.
Vilayeti Rhythms: Beyond Bhangra´s Emblematic Status to a Translation of Lyrical Texts
Theory, Culture & Society, 17(3):80-102


An unambiguous absence in the study of South Asian diasporized populations occurs when considering popular cultural forms. Writing for the `Other' rather than reading and listening to their texts has marked anthropological and other social science discourse. Beginning to fill in the void, this article focuses on the musical form Bhangra and its specific articulation in diasporized domains. A close consideration of the lyrical and musical context of a number of song texts brings forward a number of themes. At the centre of these songs is the experience of migration and its social and political consequences.

Häussermann, Hartmut and Kapphan, Andreas
Berlin: Von der geteilten zur gespaltenen Stadt?
VS Verlag, Berlin

Keywords: Berlin Wall, Gentrification, German reunification, social segregation, urban development


“Berlin. From a divided to a split city?” examines the phenomena of mechanisms of social and spatial segregation in Berlin. It mainly describes and analyses Berlin’s social and spacial fragmentation as well as transition, during the time period after the German reunification 1990 – 2000, in which East and West Berlin were also reunified . Häußermann and Kapphan locate the most dramatic developments in the city during this time frame. The authors give a historical overview of urban-planning and social developments in Berlin. This overview reaches from the Middle Ages to the Weimar republic up to the German reunification and offers a profound embedding of current developments. As a historical foundation it offers a better understanding of decisions and developments regarding the social-spatial structure of the city. As they still influence the presence of particular ethnic and social demographic groups in certain districts, such as Kreuzberg, as well as the segregation of migrants and socially disadvantaged population groups. Häußermann and Kapphan elaborate that the reunification in 1989 resulted in unexpected developments. Processes such as the (municipal) political transformation processes in East Berlin, the financial downturn of subventions in West Berlin and the structural change from society based on industry to a society based on service, changed the city rapidly. The authors trace the concrete developments by showing and discussing the specific social and spatial changes, including gentrification processes, in selected Eastern and Western districts such as Prenzlauerberg, Kreuzberg, Neukölln and Marzahn. Finally the authors discuss specific challenges regarding the city politics, such as social-spatial changes, security policy, neighbourhood management and the urban economy in the city centre. The final discussion wants to offer possibilities to stop or even avoid social segregation processes.

Kaya, Ayhan
Aesthetics of diaspora: contemporary minstrels in Turkish Berlin
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(1):43-62

Keywords: diaspora, identity, Turkish migrants, Berlin, hip-hop culture, rhizomatic space, third space


In his article “Aesthetics of diaspora: contemporary minstrels in Turkish Berlin” Ayhan Kaya pictures the contemporary Turkish-German rap environment in Berlin. In Interviews with rap groups and rappers like Cartel, Islamic Force , Erci E., Ünal and Aziza A., he focuses on their function as ‘contemporary storytellers’ as well as on their role as transcultural and transnational minstrels. Transcultural in this context means a mixing of Turkish folk music, namely arabesk, and hip-hop. Kaya terms this kind of musical style an expression of ‘double diasporic consciousness’. The article wants to explore the forms of expressive hip-hop culture which is created and constructed by the Turkish-German youth in Berlin as a reaction to the structural outsiderism and exclusion young people with migrant backgrounds from Turkey suffer. Kaya points out that both in academic and mass media representations the second generation of Turkish-German youth is generally associated with criminality, fundamentalism, nationalism and traumatic experiences concerning their identity formation. According to Kaya, this identity problem is commonly fixed in the expression of ‘sitting between two chairs’. According to his Interview partner Aziza A., she wants to show with her music that “we are no more sitting between two chairs; we have got a ‘third chair’ between those two”. Kaya shifts his attention to concepts of “third space”, “third culture” and “rhizomatic space”, based on the theories of Bhabha, Featherstone, Deleuze and Guattari. In concrete terms, these notions describe a bricolage in which elements of different cultural sources and traditions are constantly thrown together and create a new fusion. So the question is not being German OR Turkish anymore, it rather allows being German AND Turkish. The process of identity formation of Turkish hip-hop youth in Berlin is described as a constant negotiation between past and future, ‘roots’ and ‘routes’, local and global, home and diaspora.

Källtorp, O. , Elander, I. , Ericsson, O. and Franzén, M.
Cities in Transformation-Transformation in Cities. Social and Symbolic Change of Urban Space
Avebury, Aldershot

Kearney, Michael
The Local and the Global: The Anthropology of Globalization and Transnationalism
Annual Review of Anthropology, 24:547-565

Keywords: globalization, migration, diaspora, deterritorialization, identity


This review examines current anthropological literature concerned with migration and other forms of population movement, and with the movement of information, symbols, capital, and commodities in global and transnational spaces. Special attention is given to the significance of contemporary increases in the volume and velocity of such flows for the dynamics of communities and for the identity of their members. Also examined are innovations in anthropological theory and forms of representation that are responses to such nonlocal contexts and influences.

Kibria, Nazli
The 'new Islam' and Bangladeshi youth in Britain and the US
Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(2):243-266

Keywords: Bangladeshi immigrants Muslim youth revivalist Islam identity second-generation Muslims South Asian immigrants


In this paper Kibria looks at the growth of revivalist Islam - the ‘new Islam’ - within Muslim migrant communities in Western societies. She does so through a comparative analysis of how Bangladesh-origin Muslims in Britain and the US view and understand revivalist Islam, especially its popularity among youth within their communities. Kibria explores the effects of national context, exploring the ways in which variations of history and context of settlement shape the character of revivalist Islam in the British and US Bangladesh-origin communities. She finds that Bangladesh-origin Muslims in Britain and the US see the growth of revivalist Islam to be a response to the growing salience of ‘Muslim’ as a public identity for them in these countries. Other explanations include a deep sense of political and cultural alienation from the West, coupled with a desire, especially among the younger generation, to distance oneself from an identification with Bangladesh. The impact of national context is evident in how these understandings are expressed as well as in their implications for patterns of incorporation. The growth of revivalist Islam appears to be a far morecontested matter among the Bangladesh-origin community in Britain than it is in the US.

Heath, Anthony F. , Rothon, Catherine and Kilpi, Elina
The Second Generation in Western Europe: Education, Unemployment, and Occupational Attainment
Annual Review of Sociology, 34:211-235

Keywords: minorities, ethnic penalty, aspirations, social context, discrimination


This paper reviews recent research in ten Western European countries on the educational and labor market outcomes of second-generation minorities. Minorities from less-developed origins appear to be particularly disadvantaged in education, access to the labor market, and occupational attainment. Disadvantages are most evident with test scores early in the school career, but in some countries minorities have higher continuation rates beyond the compulsory leaving age than do majority peers with similar test scores. Entry into the labor market is a particular problem for most minorities, with substantial ethnic penalties with respect to employment in all ten countries. There is a more mixed picture for occupational attainment: In some countries, we find cumulative disadvantages, whereas in others the barriers are greatest on entry into the labor market. We review possible explanations for the differences both between minorities and between countries.

Kiwan, Nadia
Identities, discourses and experiences: Young people of North African Origin in France
Manchester University Press,

Negt, Oskar and Kluge, Alexander
Public Sphere and Experience. Toward an Analysis of the Bourgeois and Proletarian Public Sphere
University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis and London

Eldering, Lotty and Knorth, Erik J.
Marginalization of Immigrant Youth and Risk Factors in Their Everyday Lives: The European Experience
Child & Youth Care Forum, 27(3):153-169

Keywords: immigrant youth, immigration debate, inequality, marginalization, micro-macro links, otherness


In this article the marginalization of immigrant youth in Europe and the risk factors they face in daily life are described. We conclude that immigrant youth are more at risk than native youth, but that there is considerable variation among immigrant groups with Maghrebian youth running the highest risks of becoming marginalized. The article depicts the problems immigrant families in Northwest Europe, particularly those from Mediterranean countries, are confronted with in the first period after immigration. Immigrant families appear to be in a state of disharmony upon their arrival in the new country as family members have to accommodate to each other again. Immigrant families with a traditional role pattern are less competent in guiding their children in the acculturation process after immigration than are egalitarian families. Differences between parents and children in acculturation level cause many conflicts, particularly concerning schooling, going out with friends, and arranged marriages.

Knott, Kim and McLoughlin, Seán
Diasporas. Concepts, Intersections, Identities
Zed Books, London

Ross, Andrew , Owen, Frank , Moby, , Knuckles, Frankie and Cooper, Carol
The Cult of the DJ: A Symposium
Social Text, 43:67-88

Keywords: Dj cult, music press, U.S, popular music cultures


This article documents a panel discussion that took place at a conference entitled 'A to the K: New Directions in Popular Music'. The panel problematizes the fact that there haven't been any decent publications on dance music, especially a credible history of the Dj in the U.S context. It is argued that the dance club has been one of the most important cultural institutions of the last two decades with regard to musical progress, fashion, courtship, performance and sexual display. Here the changing role of the Dj is emphasized as profound as it has moved from the position of the industry go-between, promoter to the position of independent producers and creators in their own right. This redefinition is considered as a revolutionary development in popular music. However, the panel criticizes that dance music has not received the deserved attention from the press in U.S- American music press, due to a regionally decentralized, racially segregated and genre-driven music scene. The panel addresses this neglect by elaborating on the difficulty to market house music acts and labels not investing their resources into dance music as well as the disregard of Djs as artists. Within this context the Djs position, influence on and meaning to the audience is thematized. Furthermore a lack of publications that hinders the development of an infrastructure involving a critical sensibility that appreciates dance music is mentioned. The panel points out the flavoring of rock music and “rockism“ or “rock ideology“ as well as (a return) to white middle class values leading to dance music being discredited and excluded. Moreover the panel addresses issues of racism and homophobia regarding the attitudes of the music press towards dance music as well as economic underpinnings that influenced the dance music club culture.

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