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All :: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z, Ö 
Chatterton, Paul and Hollands, Robert
Urban nightscapes. Youth cultures, pleasure spaces and corporate power.
Routledge, London

Cheesman, Tom
Polyglot Politics: Hip Hop in Germany
Debatte, 2(2):191-214

Clandinin, D. Jean and Connelly, F. Michael
Personal Experience Methods
In Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln, editor, Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials
page 150-178.

Clifford, James
Cultural Anthropology, 4(3):302-338


In this essay the author asks what is at stake, politically and intellectually, in contemporary invocations of diaspora. He discusses problems of defining a traveling term, under changing global conditions. How do diaspora discourses represent experiences of displacement, of constructing homes away from home? What experiences do they reject, replace, or marginalize? How do these discourses attain comparative scope while remaining rooted/routed in specific, discrepant histories? The essay also explores the political ambivalence, the utopic/dystopic tension, of diaspora visions that are always entangled in powerful global histories. Clifford argues that contemporary diasporic practices cannot be reduced to epiphenomena of the nation-state or of global capitalism. While defined and constrained by these structures, they also exceed and criticize them: old and new diasporas offer resources for emergent “postcolonialisms“. The essay focuses on recent articulations of diasporism from contemporary black Britain and from anti-Zionist Judaism: quests for nonexclusive practices of community, politics and cultural difference.

Cochrane, Allan and Jonas, Andrew
Reimagining Berlin: World City, National Capital or Ordinary Place?
European Urban and Regional Studies, 6(2):145-164


Globalization has had a dramatic effect on the way in which we understand the operation of urban systems. Cities – or their elites – have increasingly sought to redefine and reimagine themselves through place marketing in ways which allow them to compete in the global marketplace. The ‘exceptional’ case of Berlin is explored in the context of regional and global restructuring. Berlin has been at the centre of dramatic changes over the last decadeand has been forced to reimagine itself in quite a different set of global understandings. A series of different – competing and sometimes complementary – imaginary Berlins are being constructed in the process of reinsertion into ‘normal’ capitalist urbanization. The relationships between property-led visions with Berlin at the heart of a wider Europe, visions of Berlin as a revived capital of a united Germany and the redefinition of Berlin as an ordinary place are considered. Each of these visions offers a different interpretation of Berlin. The paper critically assesses the extent to which it is possible to escape from pro-growth agendas in developing an urban future for the city and explores some of the implications of Berlin’s current development trajectory.

Cochrane, Allan
Making Up Meanings in a Capital City: Power, Memory and Monuments in Berlin
European Urban and Regional Studies, 13(1):5-24

Keywords: Berlin globalization capital cities memory and meaning normalization and nation


Much contemporary writing on cities focuses on their position within wider global networks, so there is a risk of underplaying the significance of other aspects of the urban experience.This paper explores the particular role of Berlin as capital city in the making of the (new) Berliner Republic and the ways in which it is defined (and defines itself) within that Republic. Berlin is the (and often literally the building) site on which a new Germany is being constructed. The making up of the new Berlin is dominated by attempts to reinterpret and reimagine its history: it is a city of memorials and of deliberate absences; of remembering and forgetting, or trying to forget; of reshaping the past as well as trying to build a new uture. The juxtapositions of urban experience, the ayering of memories and the attempt to imagine a ifferent future come together to define Berlin as a contemporary capital city.

Cohen, Abner
Urban Ethnicity: Introduction: The Lesson of Ethnicity

Cohen, Ronald
Ethnicity: Problem and Focus in Anthropology
Annual Review of Anthropology, 7:379-403


According to Cohen, the terms ethnic and ethnicity have become omnipresent in the academic debate. The author questions the reasons of this conceptual shift within anthropology, by privileging ethnicity as an innovative tool for analysis and empirical research, and not by discarding it as a banal heritage of the idea of “tribe”. For him, ethnicity has gained momentum because, firstly, it allows for more complex categorizations; second, it leads to a renewal in anthropological perspective, breaking with structural-functionalism. This shift allows for a deeper understanding of forms of commonality because societies are now considered as multicultural, multiethnic and therefore not necessarily stable. To this extent, Cohen criticises Barth’s reification of boundaries by insisting, along with Vincent, on that ethnicity is a varying and moveable social entity: precisely, he defines ethnic groups as nesting processes of inclusiveness and exclusiveness, more likely to produce multiple identities than fixed forms of identification. Moreover, for the author, ethnicity is situational. The article follows by reviewing different types of ethnic relations according to a history of anthropological literature. One the one hand, it has been noted that separate ethnic groups can have advantageous, not competitive bonds with each other (Leach’s model); on the other hand, they can have stratification related to differential power (Wirth’s majority/minority paradigm). However, Cohen aims to complexify the analysis since, for him, ethnicity is not exclusively a form of social stratification: for him, ethnicity as a category enhances the analytical deepness regarding stratified and unstratified societies, where a wide range of variations is at play, such as size, culture, economic structure. For Cohen, ethnic relations are associated with the notion of salience, hence Gluckman’s idea that the more ethnic groups are different, the more there is room for cleavages, is simplistic. For the author, by contrast, ethnic salience emerges as conflict when a defined set of differences triggers social and/or cultural and/or economic competition: to this extent, ethnicity is a concept that can be mobilized for recognition. In the end of the article, Cohen asks how an ethnically divided society should be defined and evaluated. On the one hand, pluralism and multiculturalism are useful terms in that they explain social inequalities translated into ethnic discourses. On the other hand, ethnicity usually exists as an antidote to social alienation. That is why, for Cohen, ethnicity can be a strong tool for enhancing distributive justice: by mobilizing ethnicity, groups can improve their political weight within society.

Coleman, Simon and Collins, Peter
Locating the field: Space, place and context in anthropology
of ASA monographs
Berg, Oxford

Keywords: Anthropology Fieldwork Feldforschung Sozialanthropologie Globalisierung Aufsatzsammlung Anthropology Field work

Collin, Matthew and Godfrey, John
Altered State: The Story of Ecstasy Culture and Acid House
Profile Books,


A text on dance culture. It examines the causes and contexts, ideologies and myths of Ecstasy culture, dramatizing its euphoric narrative from peak experience to comedown and aftermath, and shedding light on the social history of one of the most spectacular youth movement of the twentieth century.

Colosi, Rachela
A return to the Chicago school? From the ‘subculture’ of taxi dancers to the contemporary lap dancer
Journal of Youth Studies, 13(1):1-16

Keywords: youth culture Subculture ethnography lap dancing taxi dancer


There has been much debate about the study of British youth cultures, often involving the analysis and critique of two dominant theoretical frameworks: the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS) ‘subcultural’ position and the ‘post-subcultural’ position. This paper, will engage in this debate by offering an alternative set of arguments, drawing attention to the early empirical contribution made by the Chicago school of sociology to the study of youth, and the inadvertent role some of their work played in developing the first model of ‘subculture’. To demonstrate this, the work of Cressey (1932), who explored the ‘social world’ of young female taxi-hall dancers, will be considered, and in highlighting its relevance to the study of contemporary youth cultures, his work will be discussed in relation to a recent ethnography of lap dancing in which a hierarchical occupational subculture of dancers has been identified. Both Cressey’s (1932) ‘social world’ of taxi dancers and the subculture of the contemporary lap dancers, share similar features that define the unique, enclosed worlds of which each respective group is part. By drawing on Cressey (1932) and this recent study of lap dancers, not only are mainstream notions of youth culture questioned, but it is suggested that modes of work, as well as leisure, may hold ‘cultural’ significance.

Connell, John and Gibson, Chris
World music: deterritorializing place and identity
Progress in Human Geography, 28(3):342-361

Keywords: world music, authenticity, commodification, performing identity, deterritorialization, cultural diversity


Music has been neglected in geography, yet the rise of 'world music' exemplifies the multiple ways in which places are constructed, commodified and contested. Music from distant and 'exotic' places has long entered the western canon, yet the pace of diffusion to the west accelerated with the rise of reggae and the marketing of Paul Simon's Graceland (1986), which pointed to the modification and transformation of distant, 'other' musics for western tastes and markets. Fusion and hybridity in musical styles emphasized both the impossibility of tracing authenticity in musical styles and the simultaneous exoticism and accessibility of distant musics. 'Strategic inauthenticity', romanticization and the fetishization of marginality were central to the search for and marketing of purity and novelty: simplistic celebrations of geographical diversity and remoteness. The formal arrival of world music in 1987 was as a marketing category with commerce and culture entangled and inseparable, in a form of appropriation for western, cosmopolitan audiences. Yet, for musicians, world music was an expressive project, which created identities that fused the local and global, traditional and modern. For some, international success required artistic compromise, essentialized identities and the resources of transnational companies. Others simply resisted categorization. The expansion of world music exemplifies the deterritorialization of cultures and emphasizes how the rise of a particular cultural commodity (world music) is primarily a commercial phenomenon, but could not have occurred without the construction and contestation of discourses of place and otherness.

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