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All :: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z, Ö 
All :: Gans, ... , Gever, Gibson, Gilroy, ... , Gupta 
Gans, Herbert
Second generation decline: Scenarios for the economic and ethnic futures of the post-1965 American immigrants
Ethnic and Racial Studies, 15(2):173-192

Keywords: second generation, second generation decline, American immigrants, straight-line theory, segmented assimilation


Second-generation decline questions the current American faith in the myth of nearly automatic immigrant success. In discussing economic scenarios, positive and negative, for the future of the children of post-1965 immigrants, especially non-white children, it is shown that they might not obtain jobs in the mainstream economy. Neither will they be willing or even able to take low-wage, long-hour immigrant jobs, as their parents did. As a result they (and young males among them particularly) may join blacks and Hispanics among those already excluded, apparently permanently, from the mainstream economy. The article also deals with the relations between ethnicity and economic conditions in the USA and with the continued relevance of the assimilation and acculturation processes described by straight-line theory. This issue, as well as most others discussed, may also be salient for European countries experiencing immigration, especially those countries with troubled economies.

Garber, Marjorie
Sign, Co-Sign, Tangent: Cross-dressing and Cultural Anxiety
In Ken Gelder and Sarah Thornton, editor, The Subcultures Reader
page 454-458.

Garratt, Sheryl
Adventures in Wonderland. A decade of club culture.
Headline, London

Göttlich, Udo
Arbeit, Politik und Religion in Jugendkulturen. Engagement und Vergnügen
Juventa, Weinheim

Best, Ulrich and Gebhardt, Dirk
Ghetto-Diskurse: Geographie der Stigmatisierung in Marseille und Berlin
Volume 24 of Praxis Kultur- und Sozialgeographie
Audiovisuelles Zentrum der Univ. Potsdam, Potsdam

Keywords: Marseille Berlin Segregation <Soziologie>

Riegel, Christine and Geisen, Thomas
Jugend, Zugehörigkeit und Migration. Subjektpositionierung im Kontext von Jugendkultur, Ethnizitäts- und Geschlechterkonstruktionen

Gelder, Ken and Thornton, Sarah
The Subcultures Reader
Routledge, London/New York

Gerlach, Julia
Zwischen Pop und Dschihad: Muslimische Jugendliche in Deutschland
Ch. Links, Berlin

Gershon, Ilana
The Breakup 2.0: Disconnecting over New Media
Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY

Ferguson, Russell , Gever, Martha and Minh-Ha, Trinh T.
Out There. Marginalization and Contemporary Culture
The MIT Press, New York and Cambridge

Keywords: marginalisation, contemporary, culture, representation, Center, Other


This volume discusses the process of marginalisation in culture that isolates certain groups from the cultural norm and labels them as ‘Other’. The editors bring together critical contributions by, for example, Homi Bhabha, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari; autobiographical essays, by bell hooks, Richard Rodriguez and others; as well as writings by authors such as James Clifford, Gayatri Spivak and Edward Said. Through these examples, different voices on race, class, sexuality, and gender become clear. In this respect, Out There. Marginalization and Contemporary Culture provides new perspectives on representation and culture. Referring to intersectional social divisions, Rodriguez emphasises that a person may be marginalised by, for example, ethnicity/race but privileged by class. Other contents of this volume include ‘Public Art in New York City’, ‘Repetition as a Figure of Black Culture’, and ‘Black Hair/Style Politics’.

Connell, John and Gibson, Chris
World music: deterritorializing place and identity
Progress in Human Geography, 28(3):342-361

Keywords: world music, authenticity, commodification, performing identity, deterritorialization, cultural diversity


Music has been neglected in geography, yet the rise of 'world music' exemplifies the multiple ways in which places are constructed, commodified and contested. Music from distant and 'exotic' places has long entered the western canon, yet the pace of diffusion to the west accelerated with the rise of reggae and the marketing of Paul Simon's Graceland (1986), which pointed to the modification and transformation of distant, 'other' musics for western tastes and markets. Fusion and hybridity in musical styles emphasized both the impossibility of tracing authenticity in musical styles and the simultaneous exoticism and accessibility of distant musics. 'Strategic inauthenticity', romanticization and the fetishization of marginality were central to the search for and marketing of purity and novelty: simplistic celebrations of geographical diversity and remoteness. The formal arrival of world music in 1987 was as a marketing category with commerce and culture entangled and inseparable, in a form of appropriation for western, cosmopolitan audiences. Yet, for musicians, world music was an expressive project, which created identities that fused the local and global, traditional and modern. For some, international success required artistic compromise, essentialized identities and the resources of transnational companies. Others simply resisted categorization. The expansion of world music exemplifies the deterritorialization of cultures and emphasizes how the rise of a particular cultural commodity (world music) is primarily a commercial phenomenon, but could not have occurred without the construction and contestation of discourses of place and otherness.

Gilroy, Paul
'There Ain't No Black in the Union Jack': The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation
University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Keywords: Race, Britain, racism, social movements


In this book Gilroy poses a political and theoretical opposition to the study of ‘race’ as a marginal issue to normal processes by which British society has developed, presenting ‘race’ as an effect of a number of discourses and practices which have become crucial to the inner workings of British society. He looks at the question of ‘race’ and class and suggests that class analysis should be substantially reworked in the light of an extended exploration of ‘race’. Furthermore he addresses the relationship between contemporary notions of ‘race’ on both sides of the colour line and ideas of nation and national belonging. He argues that these give the new racism a substantial part of its newness, as blacks themselves and parts of the anti-racist movement risk endorsing the explanatory frameworks and political definitions of the new right, by defining race and ethnicity as cultural absolutes. After exploring the issue of anti-racism and highlighting some of the difficulties in developing a popular anti-racist cultural politics, Gilroy moves on to looking at the expressive culture of black Britain, arguing that it does not develop along ethnically absolute lines but in complex dynamic patterns of syncretism, whereby new definitions of what it means to be black emerge. The author returns to the issue of race and class considering it in light of the intersection of culture and politics discussed in the book. He argues that analysis of black Britain must be able to address the synchronic, structural aspects of the movement as well its diachronic historical dimension. Therefore Gilroy suggests a general framework for re-conceptualizing class in terms, which derive from recent theories of social movements. He uses the term social movement in order to examine new patterns of political action and organization which have emerged in the overdeveloped countries as the old industrial order decomposes and social and political collectivities based away from the workplace become as vocal, militant and politically significant as the ruminants of the workers movement. For Gilroy Britain’s social movements around race exhibit all the characteristics connected to these new movements. As they are part of a new phase of class conflict far removed from class struggles of the industrial era Gilroy concludes that class analysis created during that period has to be thoroughly overhauled and ruthlessly modernized. ‘Race’, as he writes, has become a marker for the activity of urban social movements and their conflict with urban political systems and state institutions. He aims to show that the organizational possibilities provided by ‘race’ and forms of consciousness which have emerged with the rejection of racism by urban communities, provide strong foundations for radical collective action. Gilroy states that collective identities spoken through race, community and locality are powerful means to co-ordinate action and create solidarity, and therefore argues that race has to be retained as an analytical category because it refers investigation to the power that collective identities acquire by means of their roots in tradition, as these identities in forms of white racism and black resistance are the most volatile political forces in Britain today.

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